Geography of Madagascar


The Big Island of Madagascar is cuted from north to south by a mountain range with an altitude ranging from 1000m to 1500m in the malagasy highlands. From the highland to the west of Madagascar on the Mozambique Channel side is the largest, occupied by low-lying plains.

On the other hand, from the highland towards the East of Madagascar on the Indian Ocean side, occupied by cliffs abruptly flattened on the coasts.

Indeed, the Highland altitude towards the East and the West has created a catchment basin of Madagascar and almost all the rivers and streams of Madagascar flow either in the east coast part or the west coast part.

The north of Madagascar is volcanic from a culminating point on Tsaratanàna to 2876 m altitude which is the highest peak of Madagascar.

The south of Madagascar semi-arid is divided into three parts such as the Southwest, occupied by uplands of limestones, the South point, occupied by the dry plains and the Southeast, by the Anosyan chains.

All these geographical characteristics condition a wide choice of theme travel in Madagascar.