When do I go to Madagascar

When do I go to Madagascar? This is the common question we often hear. You can take advantage of the best tourist period in Madagascar from mid-April to mid-November which is still classified until now the high season and left over is medium and low season.

In any case, going to Madagascar does not really depend on the best periods but on your availability except for other travel themes which require other circumstances.

However, there are still places to visit in Madagascar that are available. Many essential sites in Madagascar remain practicable throughout the year and your arrival will always be a good period for these tours available throughout the year in Madagascar.

Which tour do I choose in Madagascar

Many are tours in Madagascar offered by tour operators or Madagascar local travel agencies. Sometimes you wonder which tour do I choose in Madagascar.

Madagascar offers trips that you have a wide choice but it suits your availability of stays, travel budget, travel theme or other reasons for stays in Madagascar.

We Madagascar tour operator offers you tailor-made tour or tailor-made travel according to your wishes. Send us your request and we will help you choose your tour in Madagascar.

Senior travel tour Madagascar for senior citizens

Madagascar offers trips for the elderly people among the classic tours almost in all areas.

We present excellent classic senior organized tours in Madagascar whose themes are varied if we only talk about Madagascar cultural tour, Madagascar seaside tour or beach stay, Madagascar discovery tour and Madagascar nature tour. However, these classic travel themes could be combined.

Toliara and surroundings


In these visits of Toliara and surroundings, you will discover the detours and essentials of Toliara that culture than nature. A sunny place almost the year, rich in colors and atmospheres. This Toliara seaside stay tour offers you alternative activities and do not miss the beautiful beaches of Ifaty, Mangily and Anakao.


Departure city


Duration Type Axis Level Availability
10days/9nigts Discovery Seaside South-west 1 All the year


Day 1: Arrival in Toliara

Greeting at the airport of Toliara

Installation at the Hotel Hyppocampoor similar


Day 2: Toliara

On the way to discover the Banian of Miary of Toliara or Tuléar with its sacred trees. Then, leave about 12 kms from Tulear to visit the Antsokay Arboretum. This arboretum is a botanical park including a wide selection of vegetation from the semi-arid south of Madagascar.

Wink: Visit of Antsokay Arboretum including the endemic flora and fauna of southern Madagascar.

Overnight accommodation at the Hotel Hyppocampoor similar


Day 3: Tulear / Ifaty

Make some visits in Tulear before joining the seaside resort of Ifaty, one of the famous seaside resorts in Madagascar.

Wink: Visits of the Mahafaly museum and museum of the sea or the marine station, history, culture, living fossil fish of Madagascar.

Overnight accommodation at the hotel Princess du Lagon or similar


Day 4: Ifaty

Visit the Baobab Forest of Ifaty or Reniala

Wink: Baobabs, birds, lemurs, zebu cart ride allowed…

Overnight accommodation at the Hotel Princesse du Lagonor similar


Day 5/6: Ifaty

Enjoy the beach of Ifaty

Wink: Relaxing, rest, beach…

Deep sea fishing, snorkeling or scuba diving, robinson allowed

Overnight accommodation at the Princesse du Lagon hotel or similar


Day 7: Ifaty / Toliara / Anakao

Go back to Tulear and have transfer by speedboat for the path Toliara Anakao where the sea nomads or Vezo fishermen congregate.

Installation at the Hotel Prince Anakao or similar

Then go by traditional vezo pirogue for a picnic day on the authentic island of Nosy Ve which is also a nesting place for birds.

Swimming allowed


Day 8/9: Anakao

Enjoy the beach of Anakao

Wink: Authentic landscapes, rest, beach…

Activities in anakao: Cruise and visit of National ParkTsimanampetsotsa allowed.

Overnight accommodation at the Hotel Prince Anakao or similar


Day 10: Anakao / Toliara

Go back to Toliara by speedboat.

Purchase of souvenirs in sea garden of Toliara or jardin de la mer and other shops of souvenirs even in Toliara

Day Use at Serena Hotel or similar

Transfer to the airport


End of the tour


The 22 Regions of Madagascar

The 22 regions of Madagascar have replaced the former 6 provinces. Check the map

No. Regions Capital Provinces
1 Diana Antsiranana/ Diégo Suarez Antsiranana
2 Sava Sambava Antsiranana
3 Itasy Miarinarivo Antananarivo
4 Analamanga Antananarivo/ Tananarive Antananarivo
5 Vakinankaratra Antsirabe Antananarivo
6 Bongolava Tsiroanomandidy Antananarivo
7 Sofia Antsohihy Mahajanga
8 Boeny Mahajanga/ Majunga Mahajanga
9 Betsiboka Mahevatanana Mahajanga
10 Melaky Maitirano Mahajanga
11 Alaotra Mangoro Ambatondrazaka Toamasina
12 Atsinanana Toamasina/ Tamatave Toamasina
13 Analanjorofo Fenoarivo Atsinanana/ Fenerive est Toamasina
14 Amoron’i Mania Ambositra Fianarantsoa
15 Haute Matsiatra Fianarantsoa Fianarantsoa
16 Vatovavy Fitovinany Manakara Fianarantsoa
17 Atsimo Atsinanana Farafangana Fianarantsoa
18 Ihorombe Ihosy Fianarantsoa
19 Menabe Morondava Toliara
20 Atsimo Andrefana Toliara/ Tuléar Toliara
21 Androy Ambovombe Androy Toliara
22 Anosy Tôlagnaro Toliara

The 18 ethnic groups of Madagascar

The 18 ethnic groups of Madagascar with their characteristics and their locations.


The Merina are of Asian origin more precisely Indonesian, they reside in the region of Antananarivo in the center of Madagascar and also called those of the heights.

The Betsileo or the invincible, they take refuge in the region of Fianarantsoa in the midle-east and their talents are wood carving and rice growing.

The Betsimisaraka is the most important ethnic group on the east coast of Madagascar, people are coffee growers, cloves and sugar cane. They are also called those who never separate.

The Sakalava or those of long valleys, the Sakalava ethnic group has an extensive territory along the west coast of Madagascar, from north to south to Toliara.

The Antaisaka are Sakalava migratory from which those who come from the Sakalava

The Antandroy or those of the thorns, they occupy Madagascar south extreme. They hunt and they are eaters of cactus fruits and cassava.

The Mahafaly are sculptors and get on well with their neighbor Antandroy. They are also called those who make taboos.

The Vezo or the nomads of the sea are fishermen came from East Africa, they reside in the south-west of Madagascar.

Bara is an ethnic group from Bantu. In general, people are zebu’s breeders.

The Antakarana or those of the rocks or those of the cliff. They take refuge in the north of the big island of Madagascar. They are both fishermen and breeders.

The Antemoro are excellent farmers, nicknamed those of the coast.

Antaifasy settles on the east coast, they are called those who live in the sands.

The Masikoro are farmers settled in the southern part of the Big Island.

The Antambahoaka is an ethnic Southeast, they are of Arab origin.

The Tsimihety live in the northwestern part, they are both breeders and rice farmers. They are called those who don’t cut hair.

The Tanala are those of forests, they take refuge in the cliffs between the east coast and the highland towards Fianarantsoa. They inherited the knowledge of medicinal plants.

The Bezanozano is an ethnic group of the east coast. People are foresters and called those of beautiful braids.

The Sihanaka live in the northeastern part of Madagascar, they are farmers and named those of the Marais.

Population of Madagascar

More than 25 million inhabitants is the number of the population of Madagascar. The Big Island is made up of several ethnic groups and communities.

Afro-Asians represent 98% of the population of Madagascar including 18 ethnic groups. The most numerous are the Merina with a percentage of 25% and then the Betsileo who occupy the 12%.

Other communities like the Comorians occupy the 0.3%, the European community, French in general represent the 0.4%, for the Indian community is 0.2% who are from Pakistan and arrived during the twentieth century and the Cantonese Chinese remain the least numerous at 0.1%.

Malagasy settlement origin

The origin of the Malagasy populating is a mixture of peoples between Africa and Asia so with other communities that the population of Madagascar is constituted. Almost all of Madagascar’s coasts are occupied by people from Africa from Mozambique and East Africa. Just as the Arabs arrived in Madagascar and settled there on the part more particularly the North and the North-West of Madagascar. At present, Madagascar is repartitioned into 18 ethnic groups with well-marked facial distinctions.

List of rivers and streams


List with names and lengths of rivers of Madagascar classified by slopes

East slope
Nom Longueur
Faraony 150 km
Ivondro 150 km
Mananjary 212 km
Mananara 323 km
Mangoro 300 km
Maningory 260 km
Namorona 103 km
Rianila 134 km
Sandratsio 125 km
West slope
Betsiboka 605 km
Ikopa 485 km
Mahajamba 289 km
Mahavavy 160 km
Mahavavy Sud 410 km
Ie Tandra
Manambolo 370 km
Mangoky 714 km
Onilahy 400 km
Imaloto Lalana 242 km
Sofia 328 km
Anjombony 200 km
Bemarivo 265 km
Tsiribihina 100 km
Sakeny 170 km
Mahajilo Kitsamby 260 km
Meridian slope
Linta 173 km
Manambovo 165 km
Menarandra 235 km
Mandrare 270 km



Madagascar lies between an equatorial low pressure zone in the north and an Indian Ocean anticyclone in the south-east. During the austral summer, the monsoon or varatraza blows from North-West on the northern part of the island and the trade winds or tsioka atsimo or tsioka atimo of the South-east.

When we talk about the precipitation of Madagascar, by reporting on the geography of Madagascar, the eastern slope remains the most watered between 2000 to 3500 mm per year, the Highland and the North-West under the monsoon receive about 1500 mm, the South and the South-West dry receive only about 800 mm and the arid South 400 mm. The cyclonic period of Madagascar is irregularly marked between January and March.

The rainy season of Madagascar corresponds to the hot season from November to April and the winter or the cool season from May to October.

The average temperatures of the northern part of Madagascar is 27°C, the central highland is 16.5°C and the southern part of the Big Island is 24°C.