Madagascar lies between an equatorial low pressure zone in the north and an Indian Ocean anticyclone in the south-east. During the austral summer, the monsoon or varatraza blows from North-West on the northern part of the island and the trade winds or tsioka atsimo or tsioka atimo of the South-east.

When we talk about the precipitation of Madagascar, by reporting on the geography of Madagascar, the eastern slope remains the most watered between 2000 to 3500 mm per year, the Highland and the North-West under the monsoon receive about 1500 mm, the South and the South-West dry receive only about 800 mm and the arid South 400 mm. The cyclonic period of Madagascar is irregularly marked between January and March.

The rainy season of Madagascar corresponds to the hot season from November to April and the winter or the cool season from May to October.

The average temperatures of the northern part of Madagascar is 27°C, the central highland is 16.5°C and the southern part of the Big Island is 24°C.

Geography of Madagascar


The Big Island of Madagascar is cuted from north to south by a mountain range with an altitude ranging from 1000m to 1500m in the malagasy highlands. From the highland to the west of Madagascar on the Mozambique Channel side is the largest, occupied by low-lying plains.

On the other hand, from the highland towards the East of Madagascar on the Indian Ocean side, occupied by cliffs abruptly flattened on the coasts.

Indeed, the Highland altitude towards the East and the West has created a catchment basin of Madagascar and almost all the rivers and streams of Madagascar flow either in the east coast part or the west coast part.

The north of Madagascar is volcanic from a culminating point on Tsaratanàna to 2876 m altitude which is the highest peak of Madagascar.

The south of Madagascar semi-arid is divided into three parts such as the Southwest, occupied by uplands of limestones, the South point, occupied by the dry plains and the Southeast, by the Anosyan chains.

All these geographical characteristics condition a wide choice of theme travel in Madagascar.

Location of Madagascar

Location of Madagascar


It was during the Cretaceous that the big island of Madagascar separated from Africa after the distribution of the great Gondwana continent.

If we talk about location of Madagascar, it is located in the southern hemisphere, in the Indian Ocean part and in the east of Africa. Madagascar is the fifth world largest island with a surface area of 587,295 km2 after Australia, Greenland, New Guinea and Borneo. The Big Island is part of the African continent and the Mozambique Channel separates Madagascar with East Africa about 400 km distance.

Madagascar’s is 1580kms from  the north to the south and between 500kms and 575kms width from the east to the west. The Big Island is surrounded by islands like the Comoros archipelago with 300kms distance to the northwest, Seychelles 1000kms north, Reunion Island 800kms east, Mauritius 868kms east and the scattered Islands of the Indian Ocean including Tromelin Island, Glorieurses Island, Juan de Nova Island and Europa Island.

Donia Nosy Be festival

The festival « Donia » or « The beautiful life » is a spectacular meeting both music and tourism because Nosy Be is one of the best tourist destinations in Madagascar. Donia Nosy Be festival lasts from five to seven days but whether it is days or nights a non-stop atmosphere that lovers can live fully. This annual festival is recognized Malagasy cultural heritage due to the meeting of several local and international cultures in one place and in the same time. A major cultural festival of the Indian Ocean named « Festival of World Music » by WOMEX or World Music Expo.


See you June 5 to 9, 2019

Guaranteed departure, combined tour with Landscapes of the North